International shipping

Nilgon Group of Companies has been operating since 1367 in the field of international transportation ( International shipping ) in the form of forwarder, carrier, internal and external transit, international road transportation, and logistics did We are committed to provide the best service to our customers in customs offices inside and outside the country by our professional team and having representative offices and branches. The experienced team of this company tries to provide the best services with the best shipping rates to the customers. Customer satisfaction is our priority.

The main services that can be provided by the international transport company are:


Definition of international shipping:

The movement and transfer of merchandise or passengers by any type of vehicles between two or several countries, which is done by various land, air, and sea routes, in which motor vehicles such as airplanes, trucks, ships, trains, and such fleets are used. It is called international shipping.

Explanations about road transport:

In the year 1327 AH (1948 AD), an agreement was reached to establish international transport unions, and based on this, the union was formed in Geneva by the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations to compile international transport laws. The purpose was to facilitate the smooth transfer of goods in a common language among the countries that have become parties to the transportation industry. For this purpose, conventions overseeing international road transport were established due to deficiencies in regulations. For example, as we know, a product may pass through one or more countries to reach the destination country. Due to the goods passing through multiple customs warehouses to ensure the safety of the goods, customs had to unload and inspect the truck carrying the goods within the customs. This method caused delays in the arrival of the goods at the final unloading location and wasted too much time at the entry and exit customs of the countries. Therefore, in 1959, regulations were established to streamline customs relations and procedures for trucks carrying goods, allowing trucks carrying international cargo to pass through the border customs of transit countries with ease. According to these regulations International transport companies, by obtaining the Tir Carnet for each trip, become the guarantor of the truck’s rights and customs duties The international transport is lodged with the Chamber of Commerce of the country of origin The Chamber of Commerce, by issuing the Tir Carnet, undertakes the responsibility for the transit of the relevant truck to the destination customs and supervises the correct implementation of the TIR regulations. International road transportThe Chamber of Commerce of the exporting countries issuing the TIR Carnet are recognized as members of the organization. The TIR carnet booklet complies with the standard set in the TIR convention. Each booklet contains 8 to 14 pages, and trucks that travel according to the regulations of the TIR Carnet… The regulations of the beam ticket and the transportation of goods After loading at the customs office of origin, trucks seal the door and tenet of the truck with a seal that is stamped with the relevant specifications in the TIR Carnet. When the truck arrives at the customs office of the country of origin, if the seal of the truck is healthy, after completing the customs formalities, it will receive an exit permit, and the truck carrying the cargo will be directed to the customs office of the destination.

Apart from facilitating the affairs of transport companies and sending trucks, the owners of the goods will also have more confidence in the correct transportation and without loss and waste in the amount of goods. It is necessary to explain that Iran became a member of this convention in 1349.

By creating another convention called CMR (Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road), was established in 1956. The CMR (Convention Merchandises Routiers) convention, meaning the International Carriage of Goods by Road, was established in 1956 as another treaty of the United Nations organization. CMR is a non-negotiable guideline used for the transportation of goods by trucks. CMR specifies the limits of the responsibilities of the road transportation company, which is generally issued in 6 copies. 3 copies of the original CMR are signed by the exporter (seller), the international transport company, and the recipient of the goods, and the rest are used for entry and exit customs, and on the way customs.

This document has been created under the regulations of road transport in order to secure the interests and rights of road transport operators and to standardize the conditions governing the international transport contract. Euro has provided regulations by the organization, if one of the countries of origin or destination of transportation is a member of this convention, the regulations are valid in the non-member country, also.

The waybill is a receipt that the carrier gives to the forwarder or agents after loading, and by issuing it, he is committed to delivering the goods to the destination. Since this receipt cannot be transferred and endorsed for submission to the customs and clearance of the goods, it is accompanied by an (FBL) bill of lading. Issuance of (FBL) bill of lading allows changes in the ownership of the goods.

International rail freight

Rail transportation has a long history among the transportation methods, which started its work in the 1800s by the railway lines of England, and until now, modern and high-quality trains have found a prominent place in transportation. Changes in this type of transportation began in 1774 after the discovery of the steam engine, and in 1800, this invention was registered. Some inventors designed ways to improve the quality, not to mention that before that, there were wagons built by horses on rails. They were drawn from wood. In the 19th century, engineers created one of the most important events in history by building the first steam engines. This type of transportation started in Europe, and its development continued in other parts of the world.

Types of wagons that can be used in rail transportation:

  • High edge freight trains

  • Short edge wagon

  • Roofed wagon

  • Bulk wagons

  • Flat wagon

Rail Way Bill:

The railway waybill is a document issued by international railway transport companies at the origin of loading. The railway company hereby declares that it has received the goods registered in the guide and delivered it to the correct and safe destination. The railway guide is also a non-negotiable and transferable document, so it cannot be transferred to another person by endorsing it. Railway guides are in accordance with the domestic regulations of the two countries. To facilitate passenger transport, COTIF established uniform regulations for international rail transport called COTIF Freight. Our country also accepted to become a member of this group in 1985. The following details must be included in railway consignment notes:

  • The name and address of the sender of the goods.

  • The names of the origin and destination stations of the goods.

  • The name and address of the consignee of the goods.

  • Detailed information necessary for customs clearance.

  • The cost of transporting goods, which is based on the relevant railway tariff, calculated based on weight, price, and the applicable tariff.

  • The type of goods and their specifications, including tariff, dimensions, etc.

  • The weight and packaging specifications, as well as the number of packages.

  • The wagon number.

  • Rcel Post Receipt

The post office issues a receipt for the packaged item when it is sent by post, and the item is delivered directly to the recipient’s address as declared.

International sea transportation

One of the most important and fundamental methods of cargo transportation is maritime transportation, which involves the movement of goods and people via various vessels such as ships, barges, freighters, boats, landing craft, and feeders across oceans, seas, rivers, and international waterways. However, due to the long distances and time required for travel by ships, passenger transportation by sea is less common, while the majority of cargo transportation is conducted via maritime routes. Based on the conducted surveys, more than 70% of cargo transportation is carried out by ships.

Due to the recent developments in maritime transportation, infrastructure related to this mode of transport has extensively expanded. Most countries have equipped their ports and terminals with facilities for loading and unloading, and established institutions such as customs and relevant authorities involved in import and export operations at ports. These developments have created capabilities to enhance maritime operations with greater speed, accuracy, and confidence, ensuring the best utilization of this mode of transportation.

The Bill of Lading (B/L) is a crucial document in maritime shipping:

In international transportation, the term “Bill of Lading” (B/L) is used for maritime shipping, while for road and air transportation, it is referred to as CMR. The Bill of Lading is a document issued by the international transportation company at the origin of the shipment for a unit of cargo or a shipment consignment, designating the recipient at the destination.

The most common types of bills of lading according to the type of means of transport are as follows:


trasport with ship


Transport by plane


Transport by train


Transport by truck


Transportation by truck, train, ship



International air freight

Air traffic and transportation began in the world about 100 years ago, and the history of air transportation began. Initially, flights were conducted as single-seater ventures in open-cockpit airplanes accompanied by pilots, which was quite enjoyable for passengers as they could delight in the surrounding views. In 1910, the first air cargo transportation occurred in the United States, specifically in the city of Ohio. Pilot Phillip Erwin Parmelee of the Wright Company flew approximately 105 kilometers on this flight. Parmelee piloted a cargo of 200 pounds of silk for promotional purposes for a large store. The flight lasted for 66 minutes, but the actual flying time was recorded as 57 minutes, setting an international record at the time. The commencement of air transportation in our country dates back to 1925, which was 22 years after the Wright brothers’ first airplane flight.

The method of transporting goods in all types of air transport:

In general, goods are transited by plane in two ways, general and special. Items of common use, as the name suggests, have relatively low value and are often straightforward to transport. These include products such as electronics, clothing, household goods, and stationery. About 40% of international air freight transportation encompasses this method. On the other hand, the transportation of special cargo includes items such as animals, gold, hazardous chemicals, seafood, pharmaceuticals, precious metals, and more. These shipments also include services, the most important of which are:

Door to door service

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Providing service from airports to airports

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High security in the movement of goods compared to other types of air transportation methods

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Fast delivery of goods according to international standards

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Payment through POS machine, etc.

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Before sending the goods, better know the type of cargo and its transit rules so that you don’t face any problems during shipping. International shipping companies can help you in transporting the goods by providing the best services.

Final word

In this content you with types International shipments We have introduced and provided relatively useful information in this field, if you intend to send your goods by any method and to any part of the world, you can use international shipping companies through the provided information according to the type of transportation.