railroad transportation

Rail transportation involves the movement of cargo via a network of railways and stations. Using rail transportation is an effective method for transporting goods. This type of transportation is typically faster compared to ground transportation by trucks, and it is facilitated by rail transport companies for the movement of goods. A freight train is capable of carrying much more cargo than a single truck. This creates a significant advantage in transportation because on a larger scale, transportation costs decrease since less human labor and energy are required to transport the same amount of cargo. Different types of wagons are gathered behind a locomotive and they travel either directly or as part of a train to their final destination. Rail transportation, both domestic and international, uses transport corridors dedicated to moving freight, specifically designed for cargo transport rather than passenger travel. In the rest of this article, you will get to know the types of freight wagons, including flat wagons, roofed wagons, long sided wagons, short sided wagons, tank wagons, and refrigerated wagons.

Nilgon Group of International Transport Companies, considering that rail transportation holds a special position in the freight transport sector, and as indicated, with the closure of national borders due to various reasons including disease control measures, rail transport remains the primary means of freight communication, proving its pivotal role in cargo movement. Whenever road transport encounters difficulties or special conditions arise, rail transport stands as the sole ground transport method for sending goods. Therefore, we take pride in transporting Exports and imports of goods owners are facilitated by flat wagons, covered wagons, high-sided wagons, short-side wagons, tank wagons, refrigerated wagons, and specialized wagons for transporting metal ores. We assist our customers with minimal costs and maximum speed.

Rail services to Central Asia

The routes of Sarakhs, Lotfabad, Inch Burun, and the Caspian Sea combined routes to Central Asia and vice versa

To receive advice in the field of rail transportation, contact us through communication channels.

Rail services to Russia, Georgia, and Eastern Europe

The rail route from Astara to Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russia, Eastern Europe, and vice versa

To receive advice in the field of rail transportation, contact us through communication channels.

Rail services to Türkiye

Rail and combined routes from Tehran, Tabriz, Sohlan, Jolfa to Turkey, as well as a combined sea route from Turkey to all important ports and cities of the world.

To receive advice in the field of rail transportation, contact us through communication channels.

What is a rail bill of lading?

Here’s the translation: How is the bill of lading issued, the information included in the waybill, and the procedure for issuing electronic bills of lading by rail transport companies?

The railway waybill is a document that is issued by the railway companies at the loading stations, and the railway company declares through this document that it has received the goods included in the waybill and undertakes to deliver them to the destination as correct and safe. . The railway waybill is a non-negotiable and transferable document, and therefore it cannot be transferred to another person by writing on the back.

International transit in this way is usually used for high volumes of goods. Goods such as wood and iron, flour, oil, factory raw materials, etc. will be able to be transported by rail.

Required information included in the railway bill of lading

  • Name and address of the sender

  • The names of the origin and destination stations of the goods.

  • The name and address of the recipient of the goods

  • Determining the type of product and its specifications such as tariff, dimensions, etc

  • Product weight, number of packages and packaging specifications

  • The wagon number.

  • Mention the necessary details for customs

  • The transportation cost of goods is usually based on the relevant railway tariff, calculated based on the weight of the goods, unit price, applicable tariff, exchange rate, plus incidental expenses. These costs are paid in two forms: prepaid and collect freight charges.

The types of freight wagons in which their services are provided by rail transport companies are as follows:

flat wagon
These wagons are used for transporting machinery and heavy goods that have considerable length. Items such as rebar, iron parts, and steel beams are transported using flatbed wagons with two, four, or six axles.

Roofed wagon
Covered wagons are designed in a way that after loading the goods, their doors can be closed and sealed. This will keep the goods away from any damage. Some goods that are not resistant to sunlight, oxygen, and moisture are transported via these wagons. Usually, these wagons are made in two ways, two-axle and four-axle.

Short edge wagon and long edge wagon
The short-sided wagon is used to transport iron and construction materials, and the long-sided wagon is used to transport minerals and industrial goods. These wagons have the ability to carry heavy loads and in many cases they carry several tons of loads.

tank wagon
Another wagon that is used in the rail transport industry is the tank wagon. These wagons, like other wagons, are made in two types, two-axle and four-axle. These wagons are used to transport fuel and all kinds of liquids. Many traders face many problems to transport such goods, the presence of tank wagons has solved their worries about transporting liquid goods. These goods will reach their destination in the shortest possible time.

Refrigerated wagon
Among other wagons that are used in rail transportation, there is a refrigerator wagon that is used to carry various types of perishable materials such as dairy products, meat, vegetables, etc. These wagons have a professional cooling system and the temperature of the refrigerator is automatically adjusted during the trip.