Air transportation

Air transport was first used in 1911 for the transportation of postal items. The fast delivery capabilities of air transport make it a valuable option for transporting time-sensitive cargo to destinations worldwide. Importing via this type of transport also offers the advantage of high security levels, such as airport control over air transportation, which is managed seriously. Air transport is a method in which people and goods are moved from one place to another with greater speed and safety, offering services both domestically and internationally. If you intend to reach your destination in the fastest possible time, air transport will be the most suitable option. The development of air transport depends on various factors such as social, economic, and environmental considerations. Additionally, political, legal, and financial regulations also significantly impact it. Up to this point, you have become familiar with the concept of sending cargo by air. In the continuation of this article, you will also become acquainted with the concepts of air freight and air cargo.

The international transportation group of companies Nilgon, due to its expertise in international logistics, handles the urgent transportation of certain goods Export and Import urgent and immediate items such as perishable goods, AOG (Aircraft on Ground) items, and pharmaceuticals, relying on its specialized workforce in this field Air transportation They provide these services at airports and relevant customs facilities to enable cargo owners to utilize air transport services based on the volume and type of their goods. This ensures that any type of cargo can be securely and quickly shipped worldwide with complete confidence.

Based on the desired shipping method such as EXW (Ex Works), FOB (Free On Board), or FCA (Free Carrier), this company has the capability to transport goods from any location worldwide as per their customers’ requirements.

Definition of air transport

Air transportation of goods or air cargo (which are commercial cargo), with special aircraft such as: Airplanes like the giant cargo planes Beluga or Antonov 225 are sent from one country to another as needed. To fully understand air transportation of commercial goods and passenger baggage, you must be familiar with the difference between two concepts: cargo and freight.

What is the difference between freight and air cargo?

Individuals intending to immigrate or travel long-term to other countries can send their necessary belongings and goods using freight companies and air transport companies to their destination country. In terminology, such goods, which do not have a commercial nature and are of a personal nature, are referred to as “freight cargo.” In contrast, cargo in air transportation refers to the movement of commercial goods between different countries, which is transported by dedicated cargo aircraft. Therefore, the cargo given to airlines by merchants to be transported to the destination country is different from the freight carried by passengers.

Dangerous goods refer to items and substances that pose a risk to the safety of the aircraft. The transportation of such items is governed by the guidelines of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the International Air Transport Association (IATA). Dangerous goods and hazardous materials must be packaged according to specific international conditions and regulations. This packaging must be of high quality, robust structure, and designed to prevent leakage and spillage under varying conditions of temperature, humidity, pressure, and vibration. Each package must have an appropriate label and be marked with a suitable hazard symbol. And it should also bear symbols such as the international number for dangerous goods, known as the UN number. Traders requesting the transportation of dangerous goods (DGR), which airlines at the origin may refuse to carry, must proceed as follows:

Certificate For Safe Transport of Goods
Certificate of Origin
Material Safety Data Sheet

The completion of customs clearance procedures for imported goods, as well as the export of goods from the country, is subject to the regulations of customs affairs and their executive regulations. This process requires the preparation of a customs declaration and its submission to the customs authorities. The declarant is obligated to attach necessary documents such as purchase invoices, certificate of origin, banking documents, and other required permits specified by relevant regulations and laws to the customs declaration. All goods transported by air between countries with customs clearance approval from the originating country are considered air exports and imports. Now let’s delve into the topic of international trade in commercial goods, both exports and imports.

Air cargo shipments on all air routes are insured by airlines that are members of IATA (International Air Transport Association) for up to $20 per kilogram. If this coverage limit is insufficient, separate insurance must be purchased that corresponds to the value of the goods. It is important to remember that the payment of compensation is contingent upon the complete adherence to necessary packaging standards for the goods.

Very important point: Please ensure to inspect the packaging and even the contents inside the packages carefully upon delivery at the destination. In case of any issues, promptly report damages and complete the necessary forms before the goods leave the airport at the destination.

Air transportation plays a significant role in the economic development of countries to such an extent that it is often considered a key indicator of growth and development. Karkia Cargo company provides the following services in the field of air transportation:

Transportation of export and import goods via air routes worldwide.

For consultation in the field of air transportation, please contact us through the available communication channels.

Air freight based on delivery to the consignee's warehouse.

For consultation in the field of air transportation, please contact us through the available communication channels.

This method of cargo transportation is primarily used for urgent shipments facing time constraints or those with very high value. In air transport, the volume of cargo is also subject to restrictions similar to its weight. In this method of transport, air cargo containers with specific body shapes are prepared and used for loading onto freighter aircraft. The value of space per cubic meter in an aircraft is equivalent to the value of 160 kilograms. Therefore, if your item measures one liter and weighs 160 kilograms, or conversely, if it occupies one cubic meter in volume and weighs 1 kilogram, in both cases your cargo will be rated based on one cubic meter at the rate equivalent to 160 kilograms. The rate structure in air cargo is typically tiered due to the varying sizes of shipments, resembling a stepped or tiered approach. For example, shipments weighing below 40 kilograms are often charged at the rate equivalent to 40 kilograms.